The DRC has abundant energy resources capable of supporting various forms of energy, including hydro, wind, solar, biogas, biofuel, etc.. The country could produce alone enough electricity to meet the needs of the entire African continent, but now it is in a situation of energy shortage.
Indeed, the country has a hydropower potential, estimated approximately at 106,000 MW, or 37% of the total potential of Africa and almost 6% of worldwide potential. About 44% of this potential is concentrated at the site of Inga.
Despite this potential, the national electrification rate is only estimated at 6%. The fleet of hydropower available is approximately 2,100 Mw out of about 6,000 MW installed.
However, forecasts of energy demand throughout the DRC would amount to 3,194.3 MW (regardless the requirements for mining projects).
As a solution to this catastrophic situation, the Government has implemented a policy of openness focussed on the release of the sector.
This policy aims to encourage and facilitate foreign and local investments in a partnership focused on both private-private, public- public rather than public-private partnerships in order to finance various projects seeking funding, including :
rehabilitation of Inga I (351 MW) and II (1424 MW) ;
construction of Inga III (4320 MW) ;
construction of Great Inga (39,000 MW) and tie lines ;
construction of the second line Inga - Kinshasa ;
construction of various micro-power stations and other lines, scattered across the country and the Mw of which range from 1 to 700 Mw.
Regarding renewable energy, attention will be focused towards potential investors interested in biofuel, wind, solar for rural electrification, and the exploitation of methane gas from Kivu Lake.