In view of its assets, the DRC may become in short term an attic for the whole Africa and even for the world. At the same time, the country has large arable and fertile land, huge reserves of fresh water, an important rainfall, high sunshine making it possible to have lots of harvests in a year.
To boost agriculture, a priority sector for the Congolese Government, a law on agriculture has been promulgated in 2012 (see law ). Hereunder, a view of various cultures and the location of the production sites.
I. Potentialities and assets
The DRC offers several investment opportunities in the agricultural and breeding sector from production to marketing, to create a chain of competitive value in the sub-region.
With its outstanding potential and an area of unparalleled farmland in Africa, the DRC is able to feed 2 billion people.
1.1. Climate and Rainfall
– Average annual temperature:
• 26 ° C at the coast
• 24-25 ° C in the Cuvette Centrale
• 6-10 ° C in mountainous eastern provinces.
• 20 ° C on the high plateau of Katanga.
• 1000 mm / year
The DRC has several types of vegetation including equatorial forest, woodland and grassy savannahs, mountainous vegetation, etc.
The country has 80 million hectares of arable land and 4 million hectares of irrigable land. These include ferrisols, sandy clay soils with clay tasks, sandy soils, recent volcanic soils, alluvial plain soils, ancient rocks soil, areno-ferrals, hydro-kaolisols, etc.
II. Various agricultural crops in the DRC
2.1. Food / Vegetable crops
Cassava, Maize, Rice, Peanut, Banana Plantains, Potatoes, Yams, Sweet Potato, Wheat, Sorghum, Bean, Soybean, Taro, Groundnuts, Onion, Tomato, Pepper, Garlic and other Vegetables.
2.3. Perennial crops or annuities
Hevea, Palm oil, Cocoa, Tobacco, Cotton, Tea, Sugar cane, Papain, Sesame, Jatropha, etc.
2.4. A priority sector
As part of the revival of the industry in the DRC, several sectors, among which agriculture, were selected based on factors such as the state of existing resources, old and new traditions, the degree of organization of promoters, presence or lack of development projects, the state of infrastructure, land availability, regulations and the business environment.
III. Legal framework
The new investment code has the following objectives:
a) Promote the establishment of civil engineering companies responsible for construction and maintenance of roads as well as movements of people and goods, whether by land transportation, river or air;
b) Promote investments that develop agriculture and agribusiness through mechanization in order to ensure food self-sufficiency and therefore reduce imports of commodities and allow both income growth in rural areas, improving the supply of food industries with raw materials and finally, enlargement of the domestic market of consumer goods;
c) Promote the heavy investments to establish a strong industrial base which will support sustainable economic growth;
d) Encourage investment for developing the national natural resources on site in order to increase the added value and the exportable volume. Decree 13/049 of 10.6.2014 relating to the tax regime to be applied to companies eligible for the Strategic Partnership on the chain of value.
The above mentioned Decree aims to establish a tax system of development as part of the legal framework for economic promotion and revival of the national industrial units likely to improve the living conditions of the national communities.
This is an instrument of economic promotion that will assist the Government and the private sector to direct, organize and carry out investments of partnership programs in the areas and sectors that have significant potential for integration of which the realization allows a large segment of the population to take part in the economic and social activity on well-defined geographical areas.
3.2. Agricultural Code (Law No. 11/022 of 24 December 2011 on fundamental principles relating to agriculture). The Code aims to:
a) promote the sustainable development of potentialities and agricultural space integrating social and environmental aspects;
b) boost agricultural production by establishing a special customs and tax regime in order to achieve, inter alia, food self-sufficiency;
c) boost exports of agricultural products to generate significant resources for investment;
d) promote the local industry for processing agricultural products;
e) bring new renewable energy technologies;
f) get the province, the decentralized territorial entity and the farmer involved in the promotion and implementation of agricultural development.
The agricultural sector of the DRC has contributed for 40% of GDP in 2013.
4.1. It should be noted that in 2012, the DRC has produced thousands of tons of cassava, Corn, Rice Paddy, Bean and Pea. As for agro-industrial production, the DRC has produced 26,144 tons of robusta coffee, 5,636 tons of arabica coffee, 5353 tons of cocoa, 3,508 tons of tea, 3485 tons of tobacco, 8,487 tons of oilseeds, 1,996,565 tons of cane sugar, etc.
4.2. From 2009 to 2013, ANAPI approved 46 investment projects in the agriculture and forestry sector.
4.3. The development of 5,000 ha of maize in Agro-industrial Park of BUKANGA – LONZO bore fruit on March 5, 2015, for the growing season A.
Here are the details on the various projects to be undertaken in the agro-industrial park of BUKANGA-LONZO.Mettre le lien Bukanga Lonzo. http://www.parcagro.com
V. Future Prospect
The Government’s program in agricultural development aims to:
• Enhance the contribution of agriculture to economic growth;
• Restore the country’s food security;
• Reduce poverty and insecurity in rural areas;
• Increase production of food and sustainable products;
• Encourage import-substitution.
For this purpose, the Government adopted in May 2013, the National Agricultural Investment Plan (PNIA 2013-2020). Mettre le lien du PNIA
PNIA focuses on around five programs, namely, the development of 20 (à vérifier) industrial zones for product management and food security; research, development and training; governance and building the human and institutional capacity of the sector; adaptation to climate change.
VI. CIC on Agriculture
• ASSISTANCE IN A NEGOCIATION OF A 40,000 HA LAND USUFRUCT IN BANDUNDU PROVINCE – 2016
• THE ORGANIZATION OF AN ECONOMIC MISSION TO THE NETHERLANDS IN FAVOR OF THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL OPERATORS – 2015. Contact : Embassy of The Netherlands
• MARKET STUDY ON MILLING AND SOAP INDUSTRY IN DRC – 2014 – In Partnership with Ernst &Young
• ASSISTANCE TO THE DANGOTE GROUP IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CEMENT PLANT AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT in KONGO-CENTRAL AND BANDUNDU PROVINCES – 2013. Contact : Dangote Group / Lagos