Energy

The Congo River with its basin astride the Equator, provides the DRC with a usable energy potential estimated at 100,000 MW, spread across 780 sites in 145 territories and 76 000 villages. This potential represents approximately 37% of the African overall potential and about 6% of the global potential.
The DRC also has significant potential resources of renewable energy such as biomass, wind, solar, biogas, biofuel, etc.

The energy situation of the provinces is as follows:

Provinces / Energetic situation

Kinshasa

  • Solar Potential: average sunshine varies between 3.22 and 4.89 kWh / m² / day;
  • Wind potential: the average annual wind speed measured at 10 m height is 1.3 m/s;
  • Electrification rate: 44.1%.

Katanga

  • Solar Potential: 6.5 kWh/m²/day;
  • Wind potential: average wind speed of over 5m/sec;
  • The installed capacity is 567 MW, while the current demand is estimated around 900 MW (including 600 MW only for the mining sector.

Bas-Congo

  • The hydropower potential is estimated at 64,000 MW (560,640 GWh) per year;
  • The Inga site alone stands for 69% of the potential (ie 44,000 MW). Province Orientale;
  • The overall potential of the sites currently identified is estimated at 7200MW;
  • The electrification rate: 3.6%.

Kasaï Oriental

  • The electrification rate in the province is very low (0.5%);
  • Energy requirements (2012) are estimated at 264.774 MW against the insignificant current installed capacity (2012) : 1.94 MW, thus highlighting a very important gap that makes stop all sectors;
  • The solar potential: 4.4 and 5.14 kWh / m2 / day.

Kasaï Occidental

  • The hydroelectric potential is 103 MW;
  • The electrification rate is very low : 1% with a non-existent power;
  • The total installed capacity is 31.7 MW 20.7 MW stopped representing 65.2% of installed power;
  • The solar potential varies between 5.16 kWh / m² / day and 5.26 kWh/ m2 /day.

Nord-Kivu

  • The current electrification rate is estimated at 3.1%;
  • The installable power can reach 240.3 MW;
  • Biomass potential : the annual producible energy can reach 76,583.74 MWh;
  • Solar potential : the average sunshine varies between 4 and 5.5 kWh/m2/day;
  • Natural gas: the potential could reach 57.00 billion Nm3.

Sud-Kivu

  • Hydroelectric potential : the installable power can reach 1050.00 MW;
  • Biomass potential : the annual producible energy can reach 109 878.88 MWh/year;
  • Solar potential : average sunshine reaches 5 kWh/m2/day;
  • Wind potential : the average annual rate of less than 5m/s;
  • Natural gas : the potential could reach 57.00 billion Nm3;
  • Annual electrification rate: 7.9%.

Bandundu

  • Hydroelectric potential estimated at 104 MW;
  • Solar potential : sunshine varying from 4.5 to 7 kWh /m² /day;
  • The electrification rate is 0.6%, penultimate nationally;
  • The province has a huge gap of about 408.35 MW between supply and demand: the installed capacity of existing facilities is 22.66 MW, against a power of 431,01MW to cover current energy needs.

Equateur

  • The electrification rate : Very low ≈1.4% while the province has several sites identified in the northern part;
  • Strong biomass potential (about 40 million hectares of forests on 86 million that abounds in the DRC;
  • Energy requirements (2012) in the province are estimated at 426, 085 MW (all territories of Equateur), against an availability of around 26, 770MW (2010);
  • Good sunshine level with values between 5 and 5.5 kWh/ m²/d.
  • Sources: Atlas of the Ministry of Water Resources, Kinshasa, 2014.
8 February 2019